Hedgehog Librarian

Tales of a Prickly, Nocturnal Infodiva

Women’s Labor – COVID Bibliography

This is a draft bibliography capturing news stories around COVID-19 that acknowledge or glorify the extra labor expected of women during shut down — whether that is taking on childcare and homeschooling, making masks, additional home responsibilities, affective labor in the academy, etc. Right now it’s a broad sweep; it is our hope to add more specific categories over time.

Bibliography maintenance and the ongoing content analysis project is a collaboration of Abigail Goben and Nell Haynes. If you would like to recommend a news story, please share it to @hedgielib on Twitter or Instagram or to agoben@uic.edu. Requests for the RIS file may also be made to agoben@uic.edu.

Most recent update here was 7/29/2020

Thank you to everyone who has shared news stories!

  1. The Pandemic’s Motherhood Penalty. WIHE. Accessed July 29, 2020. https://www.wihe.com/article-details/157/the-pandemic-s-motherhood-penalty/
  2. Stanton Z. How the Child Care Crisis Will Distort the Economy for a Generation. POLITICO. Accessed July 29, 2020. https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2020/07/23/child-care-crisis-pandemic-economy-impact-women-380412
  3. Coronavirus: Women told to dress “sexier” when working from home, survey finds. Sky News. Published July 23, 2020. Accessed July 24, 2020. https://news.sky.com/story/coronavirus-women-told-to-dress-sexier-when-working-from-home-survey-finds-12034520
  4. Women report worse pandemic work experience than men. HR Dive. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.hrdive.com/news/women-report-worse-pandemic-work-experience-than-men/580708/
  5. How the pandemic strengthens patriarchy. The Indian Express. Published July 22, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/how-the-covid-19-pandemic-strengthens-patriarchy-6518579/
  6. Hariharan A. Australia’s coronavirus response will not help women back into work. Nikkei Asian Review. Published July 2, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://asia.nikkei.com/Opinion/Australia-s-coronavirus-response-will-not-help-women-back-into-work
  7. Lee C, Kelley L. Opinion | Who Bears Witness to a Hidden Epidemic? The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/14/opinion/sunday/domestic-violence-coronavirus.html. Published July 14, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  8. Adamczyk A. Ending the extra $600 federal benefit will harm “vast majority” of unemployed workers, especially women and people of color. CNBC. Published July 6, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/06/ending-extra-600-dollar-ui-will-harm-vast-majority-of-unemployed-workers.html
  9. Migrant and Refugee Women in Melbourne Find Work Making Face Masks During COVID-19 Lockdown. Global Citizen. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/migrant-refugee-women-melbourne-masks/
  10. News ABC. Democratic women launch campaign to wear pink masks on Capitol Hill. ABC News. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/democratic-women-launch-campaign-wear-pink-masks-capitol/story?id=71898191
  11. Gormly KB. 94-year-old ‘Rosie the Riveter’ once made warplanes and red bandannas. Now she makes face masks with the same cloth. Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/2020/07/21/mae-krier-rosie-riveter/. Published July 21, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  12. Sikh woman creates longer face masks for people with beards and turbans. Metro. Published July 23, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://metro.co.uk/2020/07/23/sikh-woman-creates-longer-face-masks-people-beards-can-protect-13028056/
  13. Opinion | Coronavirus catcalling is real. Because literally nothing stops misogyny. NBC News. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/coronavirus-catcalling-real-mask-or-no-mask-harassment-all-about-ncna1234185
  14. Hamilton J. Study sheds light on COVID-19 barriers women face when returning to work. Saskatoon. Published July 23, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://saskatoon.ctvnews.ca/study-sheds-light-on-covid-19-barriers-women-face-when-returning-to-work-1.5036107
  15. It’s Difficult for Women to Speak Up in Virtual Meetings. The American Lawyer. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.law.com/americanlawyer/2020/07/01/its-difficult-for-women-to-speak-up-in-virtual-meetings/
  16. CASTAÑEDA L. Coronavirus: Black and Latinx women in California have lost work at three times the rate of white men. The Mercury News. Published July 13, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.mercurynews.com/coronavirus-black-and-latinx-women-in-california-have-lost-work-at-three-times-the-rate-of-white-men
  17. NC Council for Women: Let’s get to work tackling systemic racism. The Progressive Pulse. Published July 20, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. http://pulse.ncpolicywatch.org/2020/07/20/nc-council-for-women-lets-get-to-work-tackling-systemic-racism/
  18. Is gender inequality getting worse because of COVID-19? World Economic Forum. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/07/u-n-warns-covid-19-could-wipe-out-gains-in-equality-for-women-at-work/
  19. Giles BK Matthew F Smith, Abagael. Report: COVID-19 Disproportionately Impacts Women’s Health, Work & Financial Security. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.vpr.org/post/report-covid-19-disproportionately-impacts-womens-health-work-financial-security
  20. Does Remote Work Bring About Gender Equality? All Together. Published July 23, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://alltogether.swe.org/2020/07/does-remote-work-bring-gender-equality/
  21. Ardill L. Survey suggests Covid-related work stress weighing heavier for women. Silicon Republic. Published July 23, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.siliconrepublic.com/careers/glassdoor-survey-covid-19-work-stress-women
  22. Elselot H, Saldarriaga Jiménez A. 5 ways Latin American leaders are addressing the impact of COVID-19 on women. World Economic Forum. Published 007 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/07/covid-19-economic-crisis-women-latin-america-gender-parity/
  23. Ibarra H, Gillard J, Chamorro-Premuzic T. Why WFH Isn’t Necessarily Good for Women. Harvard Business Review. Published online July 16, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://hbr.org/2020/07/why-wfh-isnt-necessarily-good-for-women
  24. Business KV CNN. The pandemic is threatening to erase women’s progress. CNN. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.cnn.com/2020/07/23/success/women-progress-coronavirus-work-transformed/index.html
  25. IMFBlog. Teleworking is Not Working for the Poor, the Young, and the Women. IMF Blog. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://blogs.imf.org/2020/07/07/teleworking-is-not-working-for-the-poor-the-young-and-the-women/
  26. “Prime minister, please make men share housework!” BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-53469696. Published July 22, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  27. Schmitt B. After her mom got sick, Nashville sales woman quit her job to become a nurse. The Tennessean. Published July 23, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.tennessean.com/story/money/industries/health-care/2020/07/23/nashville-nurse-holly-beth-jones-vanderbilt-medical/5467659002/
  28. Waller A. Woman Says She Was Fired Because Her Children Disrupted Her Work Calls. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/08/us/drisana-rios-lawsuit-hub-international.html. Published July 8, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  29. Yeginsu C. For U.K.’s Minority Women, Economic Toll of Lockdown Lingers. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/15/world/europe/uk-women-minorities-coronavirus.html. Published July 15, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  30. Connley C. Despite record job gains in June, new data shows that women are still being left behind. CNBC. Published July 8, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/08/since-coronavirus-pandemic-started-only-a-third-of-womens-lost-jobs-have-returned.html
  31. Goldberg E. The Pandemic’s Setbacks for Working Moms. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/02/insider/virus-working-moms.html. Published July 2, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  32. Nash L. Opinion | Women Ask Themselves, ‘How Can I Do This for One More Day?’ The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/04/opinion/sunday/women-work-coronavirus.html. Published July 4, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  33. Fuller B. Are we reopening preschools fairly? Prioritizing children most impacted by coronavirus. Brookings. Published July 22, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/brown-center-chalkboard/2020/07/22/are-we-reopening-preschools-fairly-prioritizing-children-most-impacted-by-coronavirus/
  34. Two ways to make the COVID-19 recovery more inclusive for women. World Economic Forum. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/07/financial-inclusion-women-covid-19-recovery/
  35. NW 1615 L. St, Suite 800Washington, Inquiries D 20036USA202-419-4300 | M-857-8562 | F-419-4372 | M. Unemployment undercount was greater for women, Asians, immigrants in May 2020. Pew Research Center. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/06/30/unemployment-rate-is-higher-than-officially-recorded-more-so-for-women-and-certain-other-groups/
  36. Allsbrook JF, Ahmed O, Ellmann N. Toward Equitable Treatments for Women’s Health During Coronavirus and Beyond. Center for American Progress. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/women/reports/2020/07/15/487429/toward-equitable-treatments-womens-health-coronavirus-beyond/
  37. Boushey H. Why Is Women’s Work Still Undervalued and Unacknowledged? The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/21/books/review/the-double-x-economy-linda-scott.html. Published July 21, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  38. UK study will evaluate the pressure of COVID on working-class women. EurekAlert! Accessed July 23, 2020. https://eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-07/uon-usw071520.php
  39. correspondent RPE. IMF urges swift action to protect women from Covid-19 economic hit. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/business/2020/jul/21/imf-urges-swift-action-to-protect-women-from-covid-19-economic-hit. Published July 21, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  40. Working parents could face discrimination during pandemic. Marketplace. Published July 9, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.marketplace.org/2020/07/09/working-parents-could-face-discrimination-as-pandemic-wears-on/
  41. Jul 23 P, 2020. By Nearly a 2-1 Margin, Parents Prefer to Wait to Open Schools to Minimize COVID Risk, with Parents of Color Especially Worried Either Way. KFF. Published July 23, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/press-release/by-nearly-a-2-1-margin-parents-prefer-to-wait-to-open-schools-to-minimize-covid-risk-with-parents-of-color-especially-worried-either-way/
  42. Gender Disparities in Caretaking during the COVID-19 Pandemic – Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion – Syracuse University. Accessed July 20, 2020. https://lernercenter.syr.edu/2020/06/04/ds-18/
  43. Collins C, Landivar LC, Ruppanner L, Scarborough WJ. COVID-19 and the Gender Gap in Work Hours. Gender, Work & Organization. 2020;n/a(n/a). doi:10.1111/gwao.12506
  44. Cummings M. Study reveals gender inequality in telecommuting. YaleNews. Published July 17, 2020. Accessed July 20, 2020. https://news.yale.edu/2020/07/17/study-reveals-gender-inequality-telecommuting
  45. abagood. Open Letter on Research Productivity and Childcare. Center for the Study of Women. Published July 6, 2020. Accessed July 19, 2020. https://csw.ucla.edu/2020/07/06/open-letter-on-research-productivity-and-childcare/
  46. Gose P. Deathly Waters and Hungry Mountains: Agrarian Ritual and Class Formation in an Andean Town. University of Toronto Press; 1994.
  47. Grose J. ‘They Go to Mommy First.’ The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/15/parenting/working-moms-coronavirus.html. Published July 15, 2020. Accessed July 16, 2020.
  48. Becerra CAGX. AG Becerra Urges Congress to Address Childcare Funding as Part of Next Coronavirus Relief Package. YubaNet. Published July 14, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://yubanet.com/california/ag-becerra-urges-congress-to-address-childcare-funding-as-part-of-next-coronavirus-relief-package/
  49. Alfaro M. Analysis | The Daily 202: America is in the middle of a child-care crisis. Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/paloma/daily-202/2020/07/07/daily-202-america-is-in-the-middle-of-a-child-care-crisis/5f04185a602ff10807196404/. Published July 7, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  50. Twice the work and half the support: COVID-19 and single working mothers. OpenGlobalRights. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.openglobalrights.org/covid-19-and-single-working-mothers/
  51. Nations A. Coronavirus Pandemic Draws Sharp Attention to Boston’s Childcare Crisis. NorthEndWaterfront.com. Published June 27, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://northendwaterfront.com/2020/06/coronavirus-pandemic-draws-sharp-attention-to-bostons-childcare-crisis/
  52. Gajewski M. Covid-19 Is Making It Harder For Women And Children To Access Vital Health Care Services. Forbes. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.forbes.com/sites/mishagajewski/2020/07/13/covid-19-is-making-it-harder-for-women-and-children-to-access-vital-health-care-services/
  53. Caprino K. How The Pandemic Is Negatively Impacting Women More Than Men, And What Has To Change. Forbes. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.forbes.com/sites/kathycaprino/2020/07/13/how-the-pandemic-is-negatively-impacting-women-more-than-men-and-what-has-to-change/
  54. Gordan J. Canada’s cautious school reopening plans leave moms in the lurch. Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-canada-education-idUSKCN24D0GB. Published July 12, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  55. Women researchers are publishing less since the pandemic hit. STAT. Published July 9, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.statnews.com/2020/07/09/women-research-covid19-pandemic/
  56. Brancaccio D, Beras E, Schroeder A. Can you care for your kids while working from home? Marketplace. Published July 1, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.marketplace.org/2020/07/01/covid-19-child-care-work-from-home/
  57. Report Reveals Dire Consequences from Lack of Women in National COVID-19 Response Efforts. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.triplepundit.com/story/2020/women-covid-19-response/120626
  58. COVID-19’s created an economic burden for women. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.kitv.com/story/42256236/covid19s-created-an-economic-burden-for-women
  59. In COVID-19 coverage, female experts are missing. Nieman Lab. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.niemanlab.org/2020/06/in-covid-19-coverage-female-experts-are-missing/
  60. Perspective | With schools and daycare closed, the coronavirus is worsening women’s inequality. Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2020/06/26/with-schools-daycare-closed-covid-19-is-worsening-womens-inequality/. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  61. Munro C. Coronavirus Has Finally Put A Spotlight On America’s Childcare Crisis. What Happens Now? Refinery 29. Published July 15, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/2020/07/9897191/child-care-crisis-in-america-covid-19-impact
  62. Stengel G. How Government Can Counter Coronavirus’ Impact On Women Entrepreneurs. Forbes. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.forbes.com/sites/geristengel/2020/07/15/how-to-counter-coronavirus-impact-on-women-entrepreneurs/
  63. Three ways the coronavirus pandemic is affecting women more than men. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://sports.yahoo.com/coronavirus-pandemic-affecting-women-men-230107169.html
  64. Professor’s Research Regarding COVID-19 Impact and Gender of Note to New York Times. University of Arkansas News. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://news.uark.edu/articles/54256
  65. Women, Race, and COVID-19: A Conversation with Representative Alma Adams. New Security Beat. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2020/07/women-race-covid-19-conversation-representative-alma-adams/
  66. Orozco P. COVID-19 Creates Additional Risk of Gender-Based Imbalance. JD Supra. Published July 14, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/covid-19-creates-additional-risk-of-11316/
  67. In April, 6% of parents expected to quit their jobs because of COVID-19. Now that’s up to 27%. Fortune. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://fortune.com/2020/07/14/childcare-working-parents-coronavirus-survey-cleo/
  68. Doyle S. The Parent Trap. Published July 13, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. http://inthesetimes.com/working/entry/22658/coronavirus-childcare-women-black-latina-working-untenable
  69. Ralph E. No childcare, big problem. POLITICO. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://politi.co/2NyoT52
  70. University of Exeter. COVID-19 a driver of widespread gender inequality, study finds. Phys Org. Published July 15, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://phys.org/news/2020-07-covid-driver-widespread-gender-inequality.html
  71. Pandemic may have crushing consequences on women’s long-term careers. NH Business Review. Published July 8, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.nhbr.com/pandemic-may-have-devastating-consequences-on-womens-long-term-careers/
  72. Women Disproportionately Affected During Pandemic, U of A Professor Finds. University of Arkansas News. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://news.uark.edu/articles/54175
  73. Schatsky B. Gender gap in COVID-19 unemployment may exacerbate gender inequality. The Daily Northwestern. Published July 13, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://dailynorthwestern.com/2020/07/12/city/gender-gap-in-covid-19-unemployment-may-exacerbate-gender-inequality/
  74. Malik R, Hamm K, Lee WF, Davis EE, Sojourner A. The Coronavirus Will Make Child Care Deserts Worse and Exacerbate Inequality. Center for American Progress. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/early-childhood/reports/2020/06/22/486433/coronavirus-will-make-child-care-deserts-worse-exacerbate-inequality/
  75. How Coronavirus Could Widen The Gender Wage Gap. NPR.org. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.npr.org/2020/06/28/883458147/how-coronavirus-could-widen-the-gender-wage-gap
  76. Dickson EJ, Dickson EJ. Coronavirus Is Killing the Working Mother. Rolling Stone. Published July 3, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.rollingstone.com/culture/culture-features/working-motherhood-covid-19-coronavirus-1023609/
  77. Women disproportionately affected during pandemic, professor finds. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://phys.org/news/2020-06-women-disproportionately-affected-pandemic-professor.html
  78. Affordable Child Care Critical To Recovery, Women’s Economic Prospects, Says U Of I Economist -. Published July 1, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://illinoisnewsroom.org/affordable-child-care-critical-to-economic-recovery-womens-economic-prospects-says-u-of-i-economist/
  79. Keeping Score: Why Are COVID Response Teams Dominated by Men? – Ms. Magazine. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://msmagazine.com/2020/07/15/keeping-score-why-are-covid-response-teams-dominated-by-men/
  80. Taylor JB Harriet. How coronavirus could do real, long-term damage to women’s careers. CNBC. Published July 15, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/14/how-coronavirus-could-do-long-term-damage-to-womens-careers.html
  81. The Pandemic’s Toll on Women. Published online July 15, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/world/2020-07-15/melinda-gates-pandemics-toll-women
  82. Ford L. Ignoring effects of Covid-19 on women could cost $5tn, warns Melinda Gates. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/jul/15/ignoring-effects-of-covid-19-on-women-could-cost-5tn-warns-melinda-gates. Published July 15, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  83. Lebanon crisis to hit female labor participation: UN | News , Lebanon News | THE DAILY STAR. Accessed July 15, 2020. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2020/Jul-15/509004-lebanon-crisis-to-hit-female-labor-participation-un.ashx
  84. Women’s communication shapes division of labor in household. Vet Candy. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.myvetcandy.com/livingblog/2020/7/6/womens-communication-shapes-division-of-labor-in-household
  85. Chaney S. Women’s Job Losses From Pandemic Aren’t Good for Economic Recovery. Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/articles/womens-job-losses-from-pandemic-arent-good-for-economic-recovery-11592745164. Published June 21, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  86. Escalante A. Coronavirus Is Widening The Gender Gap For Working Mothers. Forbes. Published July 14, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.forbes.com/sites/alisonescalante/2020/07/14/coronavirus-is-widening-the-gender-gap-for-working-mothers/
  87. Coyle D. Opinion | Why Did It Take a Pandemic to Show How Much Unpaid Work Women Do? The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/26/opinion/sunday/inequality-gender-women-unpaid-work.html. Published June 26, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  88. Women worse affected by COVID-19 crisis – UN labor agency. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://newseu.cgtn.com/news/2020-07-02/Women-worse-affected-by-COVID-19-crisis-UN-labor-agency-RNNmo8ABCo/index.html
  89. CASSELLA M, MUELLER E. A lack of child care is keeping women on unemployment rolls. POLITICO. Published June 25, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.politico.com/news/2020/06/25/child-care-women-unemployment-339012
  90. Tan A. Coronavirus will erase progress in gender equality unless we act now. TheHill. Published July 14, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://thehill.com/opinion/civil-rights/507196-coronavirus-will-erase-progress-in-gender-equality-unless-we-act-now
  91. Uchoa P. Will women have to work harder after the pandemic? BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-53363253. Published July 14, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  92. Under-25s and women “finances hit worst by virus.” BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-52176666. Published April 6, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  93. Kitchener C. Moms are working dramatically fewer hours than dads during coronavirus. It’s a ‘red flag’ for what’s ahead. https://www.thelily.com. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.thelily.com/moms-are-working-dramatically-fewer-hours-than-dads-during-coronavirus-its-a-red-flag-for-whats-ahead/
  94. Wenham C, Smith J, Davies SE, et al. Women are most affected by pandemics — lessons from past outbreaks. Nature. 2020;583(7815):194-198. doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02006-z
  95. editor RAE. UK childcare industry “crushed” by coronavirus crisis. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/education/2020/apr/24/childcare-industry-crushed-by-coronavirus-crisis. Published April 24, 2020. Accessed July 10, 2020.
  96. Pinsker J. This Isn’t Sustainable for Working Parents. The Atlantic. Published July 9, 2020. Accessed July 10, 2020. https://www.theatlantic.com/family/archive/2020/07/working-parents-careers-school-childcare/613936/
  97. After the Pandemic, We’ll Finally Have to Address the Impossible State of Motherhood. InStyle. Accessed July 8, 2020. https://www.instyle.com/lifestyle/pandemic-exposing-impossibility-working-motherhood
  98. The Coronavirus Pandemic Is Exposing Decades Old Problems for Working Moms | InStyle. Accessed July 8, 2020. https://www.instyle.com/lifestyle/pandemic-exposing-impossibility-working-motherhood
  99. Will COVID-19 Push Women Out of the Labor Force? Psychology Today. Accessed July 6, 2020. https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/gender-questions/202007/will-covid-19-push-women-out-the-labor-force
  100. Cottom TM. The Meltdown Crisis. Medium. Published July 2, 2020. Accessed July 3, 2020. https://medium.com/more-of-a-comment/the-meltdown-crisis-dda5c3ff51a5
  101. Weidner D. Forced Labor in Colonial Peru. The Americas. 1960;16(4):357-383.
  102. Perelman D. In the Covid-19 Economy, You Can Have a Kid or a Job. You Can’t Have Both. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/02/business/covid-economy-parents-kids-career-homeschooling.html. Published July 2, 2020. Accessed July 2, 2020.
  103. Risman B. Can This Time at Home Help Your Marriage? – Council on Contemporary Families. Published May 26, 2020. Accessed July 1, 2020. https://thesocietypages.org/ccf/2020/05/26/can-this-time-at-home-help-your-marriage/
  104. Tamboukou M. The Paradox of Being a Woman Teacher. Gender and Education. 2000;12(4):463-478. doi:10.1080/09540250020004108
  105. Savage M. How Covid-19 is changing women’s lives. Accessed July 1, 2020. https://www.bbc.com/worklife/article/20200630-how-covid-19-is-changing-womens-lives
  106. Gender Gap in Research Output Widens During Pandemic. The Scientist Magazine®. Accessed June 26, 2020. https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/gender-gap-in-research-output-widens-during-pandemic-67665
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