Hedgehog Librarian

Tales of a Prickly, Nocturnal Infodiva

Women’s Labor – COVID Bibliography

This is a draft bibliography capturing news stories around COVID-19 that acknowledge or glorify the extra labor expected of women during shut down — whether that is taking on childcare and homeschooling, making masks, additional home responsibilities, affective labor in the academy, etc. Right now it’s a broad sweep; it is our hope to add more specific categories over time.

Bibliography maintenance and the ongoing content analysis project is a collaboration of Abigail Goben and Nell Haynes. If you would like to recommend a news story, please share it to @hedgielib on Twitter or Instagram or to agoben@uic.edu. Requests for the RIS file may also be made to agoben@uic.edu. Reuse for educational and other non-profit purposes is encouraged with appropriate citation. We are happy to discuss co-supervision of student projects.

Recommended citation:
Goben A, Haynes N. Women’s Labor and COVID-19 Bibliography. HedgehogLibrarian.com Date Created: May 4, 2020. Date Updated: [See Below for Most Recent Date].

Most recent update here was 9/26/2020

Thank you to everyone who has shared news stories!

  1. Iris Jastram. Librarian by day and seamstress by night: cloth face masks during a pandemic. Pegasus Librarian. Published April 9, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020. https://pegasuslibrarian.com/2020/04/librarian-by-day-and-seamstress-by-night-cloth-face-masks-during-a-pandemic.html
  2. Grant MG. A Woman’s Worth in a Pandemic. The New Republic. Published online April 28, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020. https://newrepublic.com/article/157491/womans-worth-pandemic?utm_content=buffer3e19d&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer
  3. Bennett J. ‘I Feel Like I Have Five Jobs’: Moms Navigate the Pandemic. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/20/parenting/childcare-coronavirus-moms.html. Published March 20, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020.
  4. Medina J, Lerer L. When Mom’s Zoom Meeting Is the One That Has to Wait. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/22/us/politics/women-coronavirus-2020.html. Published April 22, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020.
  5. Malhi S. Supporting frontline women amid COVID-19. TheHill. Published April 27, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020. https://thehill.com/opinion/healthcare/494741-supporting-frontline-women-amid-covid-19
  6. Liu CC Abigail Hess,Jennifer. 13 ways the coronavirus pandemic could forever change the way we work. CNBC. Published April 29, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/04/29/how-the-coronavirus-pandemic-will-impact-the-future-of-work.html
  7. Villarreal A. Coronavirus pandemic exacerbates inequalities for women, UN warns. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/11/un-coronavirus-pandemic-gender-inequalities-women. Published April 11, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020.
  8. Trovall E. COVID-19 Has Working Class Moms At A Breaking Point. Houston Public Media. Published April 23, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020. https://www.houstonpublicmedia.org/articles/news/in-depth/2020/04/23/367696/covid-19-has-working-class-moms-at-a-breaking-point/
  9. Lewis H. The Coronavirus Is a Disaster for Feminism. The Atlantic. Published March 19, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020. https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2020/03/feminism-womens-rights-coronavirus-covid19/608302/
  10. Henley J, Roy EA. Are female leaders more successful at managing the coronavirus crisis? The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/25/why-do-female-leaders-seem-to-be-more-successful-at-managing-the-coronavirus-crisis. Published April 25, 2020. Accessed May 1, 2020.
  11. Shurchkov O. Is COVID-19 turning back the clock on gender equality in academia? Medium. Published April 23, 2020. Accessed May 1, 2020. https://medium.com/@olga.shurchkov/is-covid-19-turning-back-the-clock-on-gender-equality-in-academia-70c00d6b8ba1
  12. Eligon J, Bowles N. They Clean the Buildings Workers Are Fleeing. But Who’s Protecting Them? The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/18/us/coronavirus-janitors-cleaners.html. Published March 18, 2020. Accessed May 1, 2020.
  13. Swaby A. Texas sending restaurant and retail employees back to work without child care. The Texas Tribune. Published April 29, 2020. Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.texastribune.org/2020/04/29/texas-restaurant-and-retail-employees-go-back-work-without-child-care/
  14. Thomson-DeVeaux A. This Is Hard For Everyone. It’s Even Harder For Parents Who Don’t Make Much Money. FiveThirtyEight. Published April 23, 2020. Accessed May 1, 2020. https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/this-is-hard-for-everyone-its-even-harder-for-parents-who-dont-make-much-money/
  15. Mystal E. The Men Pushing to Open the Economy Clearly Don’t Need Child Care. Published online April 30, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020. https://www.thenation.com/article/society/economy-reopen-childcare/
  16. Radow A. Houston woman making custom face masks from bulk fabric she has accumulated over the years. KPRC. Published April 13, 2020. Accessed May 4, 2020. https://www.click2houston.com/news/local/2020/04/12/houston-woman-making-custom-face-masks-from-bulk-fabric-she-has-accumulated-over-the-years/
  17. Robertson C, Gebeloff R. How Millions of Women Became the Most Essential Workers in America. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/18/us/coronavirus-women-essential-workers.html. Published April 18, 2020. Accessed May 4, 2020.
  18. North A. The “women’s work” of the pandemic. Vox. Published April 30, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020. https://www.vox.com/2020/4/30/21238454/coronavirus-face-mask-cooking-women-covid-pandemic
  19. Ferguson D. ‘I feel like a 1950s housewife’: how lockdown has exposed the gender divide. The Observer. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/03/i-feel-like-a-1950s-housewife-how-lockdown-has-exposed-the-gender-divide. Published May 3, 2020. Accessed May 4, 2020.
  20. Ammerman C, Groysberg B. Why the Crisis Is Putting Companies at Risk of Losing Female Talent. Harvard Business Review. Published online May 5, 2020. Accessed May 5, 2020. https://hbr.org/2020/05/why-the-crisis-is-putting-companies-at-risk-of-losing-female-talent
  21. Covert B. ‘The Reality Is, It’s Incredibly Hard.’ The Atlantic. Published April 14, 2020. Accessed May 5, 2020. https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2020/04/women-fighting-covid-19-are-underpaid-and-overworked/609934/
  22. Refsing NS. Media, remember gender in your COVID-19 coverage | International Media Support. International Media Support (IMS). Published online 2020:undefined-undefined.
  23. Gausman J, Langer A. Sex and Gender Disparities in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Women’s Health. 2020;29(4):465-466. doi:10.1089/jwh.2020.8472
  24. Wenham C, Smith J, Morgan R. Covid-19 is an opportunity for gender equality within the workplace and at home. BMJ. 2020;369. doi:10.1136/bmj.m1546
  25. Hall KS, Samari G, Garbers S, et al. Centring sexual and reproductive health and justice in the global COVID-19 response. The Lancet. 2020;395(10231):1175-1177. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30801-1
  26. 4.13.20-Final-Cover-D2-Feminist-Economic-Recovery-D1.pdf. Accessed May 6, 2020. https://humanservices.hawaii.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/4.13.20-Final-Cover-D2-Feminist-Economic-Recovery-D1.pdf?fbclid=IwAR1Twrc-SZPnZ0TPclM3gxVxO-5AgagPb9IQIpoCdguyfH50_KyX6giqjoI
  27. Peck E. The Economic Devastation Of COVID-19 Is Hitting Women Particularly Hard. HuffPost. Published 51:52 400AD. Accessed May 6, 2020. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/women-coronavirus-lost-jobs_n_5e90a363c5b685fbc7d4a557
  28. Minello A. The pandemic and the female academic. Nature. Published online April 17, 2020. doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01135-9
  29. Collini S. Covid-19 shows up UK universities’ shameful employment practices | Stefan Collini. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/education/2020/apr/28/covid-19-shows-up-uk-universities-shameful-employment-practices. Published April 28, 2020. Accessed May 6, 2020.
  30. Mark SO. Fuck the Bread. The Bread Is Over. The Paris Review. Published May 7, 2020. Accessed May 12, 2020. https://www.theparisreview.org/blog/2020/05/07/fuck-the-bread-the-bread-is-over/
  31. Margolis E. Stop this retro nonsense about lockdown being a return to domestic bliss for women | Eleanor Margolis. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/apr/23/lockdown-women-domestic-struggle-coronavirus-crisis. Published April 23, 2020. Accessed May 13, 2020.
  32. Sutton M. What it’s really like to have a baby during the COVID-19 pandemic. Good Housekeeping. Published May 6, 2020. Accessed May 13, 2020. https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/uk/lifestyle/a32332380/giving-birth-during-coronavirus-pandemic/
  33. Nol A. Working women, COVID-19 and the new domesticity. Arkansas Times. Published May 2, 2020. Accessed May 4, 2020. https://arktimes.com/arkansas-blog/2020/05/02/working-women-covid-19-and-the-new-domesticity
  34. Alstott AL. Mothering in a Pandemic. Boston Review. Published May 10, 2020. Accessed May 13, 2020. https://bostonreview.net/gender-sexuality/anne-l-alstott-mothering-pandemic
  35. White AT. Women leaders shine during COVID-19 pandemic. Scope. Published May 12, 2020. Accessed May 13, 2020. https://scopeblog.stanford.edu/2020/05/12/women-leaders-shine-during-covid-19-pandemic/
  36. Andersen JP, Nielsen MW, Simone NL, Lewiss RE, Jagsi R. Meta-Research: Is Covid-19 Amplifying the Authorship Gender Gap in the Medical Literature? arXiv:200506303 [cs]. Published online May 13, 2020. Accessed May 14, 2020. http://arxiv.org/abs/2005.06303
  37. Stewart E. Women are burned out at work and at home. Vox. Published May 18, 2020. Accessed May 18, 2020. https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2020/5/18/21260209/facebook-sheryl-sandberg-interview-lean-in-women-coronavirus
  38. Cochran A. Masks with zippers: Houston women launch coronavirus-era masks that provide access to your mouth. KPRC. Published May 15, 2020. Accessed May 18, 2020. https://www.click2houston.com/news/local/2020/05/15/masks-with-zippers-houston-women-launch-coronavirus-era-masks-that-provide-access-to-your-mouth/
  39. Gupta AH. Why Some Women Call This Recession a ‘Shecession.’ The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/09/us/unemployment-coronavirus-women.html. Published May 9, 2020. Accessed May 13, 2020.
  40. Donegan M. This pandemic threatens to undo what generations of feminists have fought for | Moira Donegan. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/may/21/this-pandemic-threatens-to-undo-what-generations-of-feminists-have-fought-for. Published May 21, 2020. Accessed May 22, 2020.
  41. Donner F. How Women are Getting Squeezed by the Pandemic. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/20/us/women-economy-jobs-coronavirus-gender.html. Published May 20, 2020. Accessed May 23, 2020.
  42. Miller CC. Three Things Lockdowns Have Exposed About Working and Parenting. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/27/upshot/coronavirus-exposes-workplace-truths.html. Published April 27, 2020. Accessed May 4, 2020.
  43. Williamson E. In Ohio, the Amish Take On the Coronavirus. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/09/us/politics/amish-coronavirus-ohio.html. Published April 9, 2020. Accessed May 28, 2020.
  44. Topping A. Working mothers interrupted more often than fathers in lockdown – study. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/27/working-mothers-interrupted-more-often-than-fathers-in-lockdown-study. Published May 27, 2020. Accessed May 28, 2020.
  45. Blanco L. Women Are Experiencing Higher Rates of Job Loss Amid COVID-19. Black Enterprise. Published May 26, 2020. Accessed May 28, 2020. https://www.blackenterprise.com/women-are-experiencing-higher-rates-of-job-loss-amid-covid-19/
  46. Connley C. Shut out of PPP loans, struggling with no child care: How Covid-19 is impacting women-owned small businesses. CNBC. Published May 7, 2020. Accessed May 28, 2020. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/05/07/how-covid-19-is-impacting-women-owned-small-businesses.html
  47. Leonhardt M. U.S. parents lost $35 billion by staying home with their kids—the coronavirus pandemic could make it worse. CNBC. Published May 22, 2020. Accessed May 28, 2020. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/05/22/child-care-indirectly-costs-parents-35-billion-coronavirus-may-increase-that.html
  48. Ribeiro C. “Pink-collar recession”: how the Covid-19 crisis could set back a generation of women. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/24/pink-collar-recession-how-the-covid-19-crisis-is-eroding-womens-economic-power. Published May 23, 2020. Accessed May 28, 2020.
  49. Changoiwala P. The Million Women Working on India’s Covid-19 Frontlines. Direct Relief. Published May 23, 2020. Accessed May 28, 2020. https://www.directrelief.org/2020/05/the-million-women-working-on-indias-covid-19-frontlines/
  50. Nam R. Women suffering steeper job losses in COVID-19 economy. TheHill. Published May 25, 2020. Accessed May 28, 2020. https://thehill.com/policy/finance/499250-women-suffering-steeper-job-losses-in-covid-19-economy
  51. North A. The Great Recession was called a “mancession.” This one could be devastating for women. Vox. Published June 10, 2020. Accessed June 23, 2020. https://www.vox.com/2020/6/10/21271170/coronavirus-great-recession-2020-pandemic-women-covid
  52. Dupont V. Why women bear the brunt of virus fallout in workplace. Coronavirus. Published June 21, 2020. Accessed June 23, 2020. https://www.ctvnews.ca/health/coronavirus/why-women-bear-the-brunt-of-virus-fallout-in-workplace-1.4993403
  53. Norzom T. Warriors of COVID-19: These women are helping the less fortunate survive the global pandemic. YourStory.com. Published May 30, 2020. Accessed June 23, 2020. https://yourstory.com/herstory/2020/05/covid-19-women-relief-work-changemakers
  54. Balakrishnan R. What will be the future of work for women in a post-COVID world? YourStory.com. Published June 2, 2020. Accessed June 23, 2020. https://yourstory.com/herstory/2020/06/future-work-from-home-women-post-covid
  55. Davidson S. Has coronavirus shifted what women should be doing with their money? This is Money. Published June 23, 2020. Accessed June 23, 2020. https://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/podcast/article-8375991/Has-coronavirus-shifted-women-doing-money-Women-Money-Podcast.html
  56. Bertocchi G. COVID-19 susceptibility, women, and work. VoxEU.org. Published April 23, 2020. Accessed May 18, 2020. https://voxeu.org/article/covid-19-susceptibility-women-and-work
  57. Collins LM. The pandemic is changing at least some men’s behavior at home. Deseret News. Published May 24, 2020. Accessed May 28, 2020. https://www.deseret.com/indepth/2020/5/24/21263651/coronavirus-utah-council-contemporary-families-housework-men-women-covid-19-pandemic-chores-texas
  58. Fazackerley A. Women’s research plummets during lockdown – but articles from men increase. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/education/2020/may/12/womens-research-plummets-during-lockdown-but-articles-from-men-increase. Published May 12, 2020. Accessed May 13, 2020.
  59. Weidner D. Forced Labor in Colonial Peru. The Americas. 1960;16(4):357-383.
  60. Cottom TM. The Meltdown Crisis. Medium. Published July 2, 2020. Accessed July 3, 2020. https://medium.com/more-of-a-comment/the-meltdown-crisis-dda5c3ff51a5
  61. Pinsker J. This Isn’t Sustainable for Working Parents. The Atlantic. Published July 9, 2020. Accessed July 10, 2020. https://www.theatlantic.com/family/archive/2020/07/working-parents-careers-school-childcare/613936/
  62. Tan A. Coronavirus will erase progress in gender equality unless we act now. TheHill. Published July 14, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://thehill.com/opinion/civil-rights/507196-coronavirus-will-erase-progress-in-gender-equality-unless-we-act-now
  63. Chaney S. Women’s Job Losses From Pandemic Aren’t Good for Economic Recovery. Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/articles/womens-job-losses-from-pandemic-arent-good-for-economic-recovery-11592745164. Published June 21, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  64. Ford L. Ignoring effects of Covid-19 on women could cost $5tn, warns Melinda Gates. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/jul/15/ignoring-effects-of-covid-19-on-women-could-cost-5tn-warns-melinda-gates. Published July 15, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  65. Dickson EJ, Dickson EJ. Coronavirus Is Killing the Working Mother. Rolling Stone. Published July 3, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://www.rollingstone.com/culture/culture-features/working-motherhood-covid-19-coronavirus-1023609/
  66. Schatsky B. Gender gap in COVID-19 unemployment may exacerbate gender inequality. The Daily Northwestern. Published July 13, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://dailynorthwestern.com/2020/07/12/city/gender-gap-in-covid-19-unemployment-may-exacerbate-gender-inequality/
  67. Alfaro M. Analysis | The Daily 202: America is in the middle of a child-care crisis. Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/paloma/daily-202/2020/07/07/daily-202-america-is-in-the-middle-of-a-child-care-crisis/5f04185a602ff10807196404/. Published July 7, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  68. Becerra CAGX. AG Becerra Urges Congress to Address Childcare Funding as Part of Next Coronavirus Relief Package. YubaNet. Published July 14, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020. https://yubanet.com/california/ag-becerra-urges-congress-to-address-childcare-funding-as-part-of-next-coronavirus-relief-package/
  69. Cummings M. Study reveals gender inequality in telecommuting. YaleNews. Published July 17, 2020. Accessed July 20, 2020. https://news.yale.edu/2020/07/17/study-reveals-gender-inequality-telecommuting
  70. Ascher D. Mums “do most childcare and chores in lockdown.” BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-52808930. Published May 27, 2020. Accessed May 28, 2020.
  71. Hinsliff G. The coronavirus backlash: how the pandemic is destroying women’s rights. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2020/jun/23/the-coronavirus-backlash-how-the-pandemic-is-destroying-womens-rights. Published June 23, 2020. Accessed June 23, 2020.
  72. Perelman D. In the Covid-19 Economy, You Can Have a Kid or a Job. You Can’t Have Both. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/02/business/covid-economy-parents-kids-career-homeschooling.html. Published July 2, 2020. Accessed July 2, 2020.
  73. Sevilla A, Smith S. Childcare during a global pandemic: Many women left juggling work and childcare, but men do their share when they are not working. VoxEU.org. Published June 16, 2020. Accessed June 23, 2020. https://voxeu.org/article/covid-19-and-childcare-men-doing-their-share-only-if-they-are-not-working
  74. Boushey H. Why Is Women’s Work Still Undervalued and Unacknowledged? The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/21/books/review/the-double-x-economy-linda-scott.html. Published July 21, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  75. Fuller B. Are we reopening preschools fairly? Prioritizing children most impacted by coronavirus. Brookings. Published July 22, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/brown-center-chalkboard/2020/07/22/are-we-reopening-preschools-fairly-prioritizing-children-most-impacted-by-coronavirus/
  76. Nash L. Opinion | Women Ask Themselves, ‘How Can I Do This for One More Day?’ The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/04/opinion/sunday/women-work-coronavirus.html. Published July 4, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  77. Goldberg E. The Pandemic’s Setbacks for Working Moms. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/02/insider/virus-working-moms.html. Published July 2, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  78. Yeginsu C. For U.K.’s Minority Women, Economic Toll of Lockdown Lingers. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/15/world/europe/uk-women-minorities-coronavirus.html. Published July 15, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  79. Ardill L. Survey suggests Covid-related work stress weighing heavier for women. Silicon Republic. Published July 23, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.siliconrepublic.com/careers/glassdoor-survey-covid-19-work-stress-women
  80. Hamilton J. Study sheds light on COVID-19 barriers women face when returning to work. Saskatoon. Published July 23, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://saskatoon.ctvnews.ca/study-sheds-light-on-covid-19-barriers-women-face-when-returning-to-work-1.5036107
  81. Adamczyk A. Ending the extra $600 federal benefit will harm “vast majority” of unemployed workers, especially women and people of color. CNBC. Published July 6, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/06/ending-extra-600-dollar-ui-will-harm-vast-majority-of-unemployed-workers.html
  82. Lee C, Kelley L. Opinion | Who Bears Witness to a Hidden Epidemic? The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/14/opinion/sunday/domestic-violence-coronavirus.html. Published July 14, 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020.
  83. Coyle D. Opinion | Why Did It Take a Pandemic to Show How Much Unpaid Work Women Do? The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/26/opinion/sunday/inequality-gender-women-unpaid-work.html. Published June 26, 2020. Accessed July 15, 2020.
  84. Herald TK. ‘At workplaces and home, female workers hit harder by COVID-19 outbreak.’ The Korea Herald. Published May 18, 2020. Accessed May 18, 2020. http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20200518000883
  85. Simonton S. ‘Essential, Not Expendable’—Child care workers on the frontlines of COVID-19. Scalawag. Published May 1, 2020. Accessed May 18, 2020. https://www.scalawagmagazine.org/2020/05/child-care-workers-coronavirus/
  86. Gus A. (9) Gus Andrews on Twitter: “Throwing around my doctorate in education for a sec: I want all you parents to know that literally no human beings ever in history have been asked to educate kids & do adult work simultaneously the way you are now. The scientific term for what you’re facing is ‘batshit insane.’” / Twitter. Twitter. Published April 23, 2020. Accessed April 30, 2020. https://twitter.com/gusandrews/status/1253511322202976256
  87. Bahar M. (10) The impact of COVID-19 on women academics: a large scale study | LinkedIn. Linked in. Published May 14, 2020. Accessed May 15, 2020. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/impact-covid-19-women-academics-large-scale-study-bahar-mehmani/
  88. De Kosnik A. (19) Abigail De Kosnik on Twitter: “I know that many fathers already knew that being the primary parent means being interrupted all the time, but I’m sure some men are discovering this right now. Here’s a thread about early television, motherhood, and interruption: (1/n)” / Twitter. Twitter. Published May 21, 2020. Accessed May 22, 2020. https://twitter.com/de_kosnik/status/1263625016962252800
  89. MacDonald C, Burke MN, Taylor A. 1 in 4 Detroit workers fight on front lines against COVID-19. Detroit News. Published May 5, 2020. Accessed May 5, 2020. https://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit-city/2020/05/05/detroit-workforce-front-lines-covid-19-nearly-quarter/3054164001/
  90. Fox M. 4 Ways COVID-19 Has Negatively Impacted Women In Tech. Forbes. Published May 13, 2020. Accessed May 28, 2020. https://www.forbes.com/sites/meimeifox/2020/05/13/4-ways-covid-19-has-negatively-impacted-women-in-tech/
  91. Holford M. 5 tips for working from home as a woman in STEM during COVID-19. World Economic Forum. Published May 1, 2020. Accessed May 18, 2020. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/05/covid-19-women-in-stem-childcare/
  92. Elselot H, Saldarriaga Jiménez A. 5 ways Latin American leaders are addressing the impact of COVID-19 on women. World Economic Forum. Published 007 2020. Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/07/covid-19-economic-crisis-women-latin-america-gender-parity/
  93. Mae Jones A. 7 out of 10 Canadian women experiencing anxiety due to unpaid care work during pandemic: survey. CTVNews. Published June 18, 2020. Accessed June 23, 2020. https://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/7-out-of-10-canadian-women-experiencing-anxiety-due-to-unpaid-care-work-during-pandemic-survey-1.4990812
  94. HINCHLIFFE E. 14% of women considered quitting their jobs because of the coronavirus pandemic. Fortune. Published April 23, 2020. Accessed May 5, 2020. https://fortune.com/2020/04/23/coronavirus-women-should-i-quit-my-job-covid-19-childcare/
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